Teach how to ask the question: Provide novel experiences that he has not done before (pedaling a foot bike, etc.) and get the teen to think through the process of learning what he/she already knew and what they had to learn.
Make a process booklet for reference: outline in booklet form what are the elements of getting a task done (i.e., establishing what comes first, how to know when you are done, how to proof-read, create priorities, etc.) Let the teen talk and the OT write and then review it (with them with them using their own words) for understanding.
Role play classroom situations: inclusive of note taking and the elements of how to get down the main ideas; capturing key words, working in a group or with (an assigned) peer. What do you do if you do not like the person?
Practice task problem solving: use visuals—what happens when the teacher want “X” and you are sure it is “Y”. Taking correction is a very big part of this. Reasoning and keeping things in perspective, not making a “fix this” into an “indictment” of yourself and/or self-worth. Learning the art of compromise.
Mind shakers: things to do that can help you “get back” when you go “blank”; repeat in your mind the words you are hearing, write the last word you recall, blink hard and fast 2-3 times, etc.
Facilitate study habits: when appropriate have the teen learn something as if they had to teach it to someone else. The best way to learn something is to teach it. Practice cross referencing notes with textbooks or online information and write write write write it down!! Research has shown that our immediate memory lasts just under 10 seconds for full recall.
Experience using inferential thinking: Use scripts from plays or movies (there are plenty of them online from old radio shows, etc.) and have the teen say in their own words what they think might happen next and why.
Teach debate techniques: substantiating what you say with actual facts instead of feelings to support your argument/reasoning. This will help with thought organization and sequential thinking.